The Different Types of Marriages in India
Marriage is a sacred and joyous union between two individuals. In India, there are three different types of marriages – court marriage, love marriage, and civil marriage. Each type of marriage has its own set of rules, regulations, and procedures. In this article, we will discuss the differences between these three types of marriages.
Court marriage is a type of marriage that takes place in a court of law. It is a registered marriage and is governed by the Special Marriage Act, 1954. This type of marriage is usually chosen by couples who want to get married without the involvement of their families or who belong to different religions. To get married in court, the couple has to give a notice of 30 days to the marriage registrar. The registrar then publishes the notice and conducts an inquiry to ensure that the couple is eligible to get married. After the inquiry, the couple can get married in the court.
One of the advantages of court marriage is that it is a simple and hassle-free process. It does not involve any religious or traditional ceremonies and can be conducted in a matter of hours. However, it is important to note that court marriage does not give the couple any social recognition or acceptance.
Love marriage is a type of marriage that takes place between two individuals who have fallen in love with each other. It is not governed by any law or act and is usually conducted according to the couple’s religious or traditional customs. In love marriages, the couple does not require the permission or approval of their families. They can get married if they are of legal age and are not already married.
The advantage of love marriage is that the couple gets to marry the person they love. They do not have to worry about societal norms, traditions, or customs. However, love marriages can sometimes lead to conflict with families and society. They may not be socially accepted or recognized, which can lead to problems in the future.
Civil marriage is a type of marriage that takes place in a government office or a registrar’s office. It is governed by the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 or the Special Marriage Act, 1954. Civil marriages are usually chosen by couples who do not want a religious or traditional ceremony or who belong to different religions. To get married in a civil ceremony, the couple has to give a notice of 30 days to the registrar. The registrar then conducts an inquiry to ensure that the couple is eligible to get married. After the inquiry, the couple can get married in the office of the registrar.
The advantage of civil marriage is that it is a legally recognized marriage. It gives the couple social recognition and acceptance. However, civil marriage does not involve any religious or traditional ceremony, which may be important for some couples.
Marriage is a sacred bond between two individuals, and each type of marriage has its own set of advantages and disadvantages. Couples should choose the type of marriage that suits their needs and preferences. Whether it is court marriage, love marriage, or civil marriage, what matters most is that the couple loves and cares for each other.